Q&A about Qurbani and Takbeerat e Tashreeq

In the name of Allah, the Beneficient,the Merciful

Q: Kindly explain what is Takbeer-e-Tashreeq and when should it be recited.

A: Takbeer Tashreeq is the recitation of Allahu Akbar Allaahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha illa-llaahu Wallaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar walillaahil hamd after every Fardh Salaat commencing from Fajr of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah till after Asr of the 13th of Dhul Hijjah. (Shaami vol. 1 pg. 620; Kuwait)

When Ibrahim (AS) began moving the knife on his beloved son, Ismaaeel (AS), the angels sent by Allah with a ram from Jannah exclaimed, ‘Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar’ (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest). Ibraahim (AS) heard the voice of the angels and replied, ‘Laa ilaaha illa-llaahu Wallaahu Akbar’ (There is no god but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest). His son Ismaaeel (AS) heard this conversation and understood that Allah had relieved him from this great trial, thus he replied, ‘Allaahu Akbar Walillaahil hamd’ (Allah is the Greatest, and to Allah belongs all praise) (Ibid).

Q: Is Takbeer-e-Tashreeq compulsory upon a female or a Musafir who did not perform Salaat with congregation?

A: Yes, Takbeer Tashreeq is compulsory upon all of the above. (Ibid).

Q: What if Takbeer Tashreeq is omitted due to foregtting or not carried out at the time?

A: Takbeer Tashreeq should be recited immediately after every fardh salah. If a person forgets to say it at this time or unintentionally leaves it out, he cannot make qadha of it afterwards . (Fatawa Darul Uloom Deoband p.207 v.5)

Q:Upon whom is Qurbani (sacrificing an animal) compulsory?

A: Sacrificing an animal is compulsory upon every adult and sane Muslim who possesses minimum Zakaatable wealth (Nisaab) on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah. It is not necessary to have the wealth for one year as in the case of Zakaat. (Shaami vol. 6 pg. 312; HM Saeed)

Q: Is Qurbani compulsory upon a minor who is wealthy?

A: No, Qurbani is not compulsory upon a minor who is wealthy. (Shaami vol. 6 pg. 316; HM Saeed)

Q: When does the time for sacrifice commence and terminate?

A: The time for sacrifice commences after the Eid Salaat on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah and terminates upon the setting of the sun on the 12th of Dhul Hijjah. Sacrifice before the Eid Salaat is not valid in an area where Juma and Eid Salaats can be performed e.g. city, town, etc.

In an area where Juma and Eid Salaats cannot be performed according to Shariáh, for example, a little village, then the sacrifice can be performed immediately after Subuh Sadiq (true dawn). (Sham vol.5 pg.221; Kuwait)

Q: Which parts of the animal are prohibited to consume?

A: Seven parts of the animal are prohibited to consume: a) male genitals, b) female genitals, c) testicles, d) the bladder, e) gall bladder, f) glands, g) spinal marrow. (Ahsanul Fataawa vol. 7 pg. 406)

Q: If a person did not perform his compulsory Qurbani for the past 3 years, what should he do?

A: He should calculate the present value of an average sheep or 1/7 share of a cow and give the money in charity. (Ahsanul Fatawa vol. 7 pg. 533)

Q: Is it permissible to sacrifice an animal and pass the reward to a deceased relative?

A: There are two aspects: 

1) to make a voluntary sacrifice on behalf of any person e.g. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam), a relative, etc. This is permissible, the person will get the reward of the sacrifice. However, one must discharge his obligation of sacrifice separately. The sacrifice on behalf of any other person will not suffice for one’s own obligatory sacrifice.

2) To make one’s compulsory sacrifice and thereafter make an intention of giving the reward to the deceased. In such a case, the compulsory sacrifice of the person will be discharged.

Q: Is it prohibited to cut one’s hair in the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah?

A: It is Mustahabb (commendable) for a person making Qurbaani not to cut the hair and finger nails from the 1st of Zul Hijjah until after slaughtering the Qurbaani animal. To observe this Mustahabb act is greatly rewarding. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said ‘In lieu of every limb and part of the animal, the person’s limbs and parts of his body will be freed from Jahannam (Abu Dawood). 

Therefore, a person should try as much as possible to leave his hair and nails uncut in these ten days so that they may be freed in lieu of the nails and hair of the sacrificed animals. However, if the hair under the arms and in the pubic region is very long (which renders the Salaat Makrooh i.e. more than forty days), then it will become compulsory to remove such hair. However, if a person forgets to clip the nails before the 1st of Dhul Hijjah and the nails have grown so long that they may cause injury, then he may clip them.

Q: Can Haraam meat be given to cats and dogs?

A: No, Haraam meat cannot be given to cats and dogs.

Q: Is it permissible to include a share of Aqeeqa together with the Qurbani  shares in one cow?

A: Yes, it is permissible. (Ahsanul Fataawa vol. 7 pg. 533)

Q: Is it permissible to fast on the day of Arafat?

A: Yes, it is permissible. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, ‘The fast on the day of Arafat is an atonement for the sins of the past and following year’. (Sahih Muslim; Hadith 1977). However, for those who are on a journey, such as Hajj, etc. and cannot fast due to physical weakness should not fast. (Hidaaya vol. 1)

Q: Is it permissible to make Du’a after the Eid Salaat before the Khutbah?

A: Yes, it is permissible (Fataawa Mahmoodiya vol. 16 pg. 540)

Here some suggestions for the season of 10 days of DhulHijjah

* Increase your level of worship during the day and during the night.

* Try to achieve one khatma of the Qur’an (reading it from cover to cover).

* Keep your tongue moist with dhikr and praise of Allāh wherever you are.

* Maintain a state of tahara and wudu at all times.

* Make most of your dhikr Takbeer (like the one you recite on ‘Īd day).

* Fast a few days particularly the 9th, the day of Arafah.

* If you haven’t paid for the qurban (sacrificial animal) yet, make sure to do so. Perhaps you should donate one to those who are most in need of it in areas such as Pakistan and Gaza.

* Wake up before Fajr time and pray Qiyam-ul-Layl.

* Be extra careful about your Fard ṣalāh on time.

* Make sure you don’t miss any of the Nafl and Sunnah prayers.

* Give charity and help those who are less fortunate prepare for the ‘Īd day.

* Share the spirit of the season and be cheerful with all people.