Hajj and Umrah Guide

‘“And complete the Hajj and ‘Umrah for Allah .”

Abu Hurairah I narrates: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ said, ‘(The performance of) Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise. ‘

This course (see video above) is designed to provide an overview of how to perform Hajj and Umrah.

PowerPoint Slides can be downloaded here.

Penalty Jinaayaat Chart revised can be downloaded here

 

How to Perform Umrah

Going to The Masjid Al Haram, Makkah

  1. Begin by performing ablution (wudu) and taking a moment to rest. Then, make your way to Masjid al Haram.
  2. As you approach the barriers, you will notice guards stationed there. These guards are there to manage the crowd and assist with entry into the Mataf area.
  3. Keep in mind that only individuals dressed in Ihram attire will be allowed to enter the Mataf area by the guards. It is essential to be properly attired before attempting to enter.
  4. During peak times, you may be asked to present your Nusuk booking for Umrah. However, please note that these requirements can sometimes change unexpectedly.
  5. Once you enter the Masjid, take off your shoes and make the intention (niyya) for Nafl Itikaf (optional seclusion for worship).
  6. As you step into the Masjid, enter the Masjid with the right foot and recite the Sunnah Duas (supplications) that are recommended upon entering: “In the name of Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me.”
  7. The experience may vary depending on how busy it is. If the Mataf area is crowded, you will be directed to proceed straight ahead and perform tawaf on the first floor.
  8. Alternatively, if the Mataf area is not too crowded, you have the option to choose either the left or right side to access the stairs or escalators that lead to the Mataf area.

Dua at Ka’bah

Here are the steps to follow upon arriving in front of the Kaaba during Umrah:

Walk towards the Kaaba while being mindful of the crowd. Look for a suitable spot where you won’t obstruct others.

Avoid sitting or standing in areas that may cause congestion. Instead, try to move to the side and make dua (supplication) while maintaining a smooth flow of movement.

Rasulullah  said, whosoever has the Baitullah (House of Allah) has entered into virtue; and has moved away from sin and he is forgiven. Baihiqi Fathul Qadeer Vol 2 Pg 391 Umdatul Manasik pg 275

Duas are accepted upon the sighting of the Baitullah. Fathul Qadeer

Imam Shafa’ee RA narrates from Ibn Juraij that when Rasulullah sight fell upon the Baitullah he used to raise his hands and engaged in dua. Fathul Qadeer Vol 2 Pg 352 Umdatul Manasik pg 275

Upon sighting the Ka’ba the first time, raise your hands and pour your heart out in Dua, it is a place and an occasion of acceptance of dua.

By following these steps, you can ensure a respectful and considerate approach while making the most of the spiritual opportunity in front of the Kaaba during Umrah.

 

Tawaf

 Now if you want to proceed to perform your Tawaf of Umrah then where the top Ihram in Idhtiba manner. Idhtiba means placing the middle of one’s upper Ihram garment under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder. When the Tawaf is finished, one will return his this upper garment to its original state because the time for Idhtiba is only during Tawaf.

Talbiyah ends as soon as the one commences the Tawaf.

After the intention perform Istilam of the Hajar e Aswad (Black Stone)

عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَكَّةَ دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَاسْتَلَمَ الْحَجَرَ ثُمَّ مَضَى عَلَى يَمِينِهِ فَرَمَلَ ثَلاَثًا وَمَشَى أَرْبَعًا ثُمَّ أَتَى الْمَقَامَ فَقَالَ ‏:‏ ‏(‏وَاتَّخِذُوا مِنْ مَقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى ‏)‏ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَالْمَقَامُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْبَيْتِ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْحَجَرَ بَعْدَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ فَاسْتَلَمَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الصَّفَا أَظُنُّهُ قَالََّ ‏:‏‏(‏ إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ ‏)‏

Jabir narrated: “When Rasulullah  arrived in Makkah, he entered the Masjid and touched the (Black) Stone, then went to his right and performed Raml (walking quickly) for three (circuits) and walking for four. Then he came to the Maqam and said: ‘and take you (people) the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.’ Then he performed two Rak’ah while the Maqam was between him and the House. Then he came to the (Black) Stone after the two Raka’at to touch it, then he left to As-Safa – I think – he said: Indeed As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah.” Tirmizi

After intention and Istilam begin the Tawaf performing Ramal in the first three circuits and walking normally in the last four. When going past ‘Rukn Yemani’ if possible touch it, if not possible then walk past it, as gesturing towards it is not proven. When reaching the Hajar e Aswad perform kiss the ‘Hajar e Aswad if possible, if not gesture towards it with the palm of the hands and kiss them then proceed to the next circuit:

عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ طَافَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى بَعِيرِهِ، وَكَانَ كُلَّمَا أَتَى عَلَى الرُّكْنِ أَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ، وَكَبَّرَ‏.‏ 

Narrated Ibn `Abbas: Rasulullah  performed the Tawaf (around the Ka`ba while riding his camel, and every time he reached the corner (of the Black Stone) he pointed at it with his hand and said, “Allahu Akbar.” Bukhari

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لاَ يَدَعُ أَنْ يَسْتَلِمَ الرُّكْنَ الْيَمَانِيَ وَالْحَجَرَ فِي كُلِّ طَوْفَةٍ قَالَ وَكَانَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ يَفْعَلُهُ ‏

Ibn ‘Umar said Rasulullah did not give up touching the Yamani corner and the (Black) Stone in each of his circumambulations. Ibn ‘Umar used to do so. Abu Dawood.

What to recite in the circuits of the Tawaf

 حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ أَبِي سَوِيَّةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ هِشَامٍ، يَسْأَلُ عَطَاءَ بْنَ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ عَنِ الرُّكْنِ الْيَمَانِيِّ، وَهُوَ يَطُوفُ بِالْبَيْتِ فَقَالَ عَطَاءٌ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ ‏”‏ وُكِلَ بِهِ سَبْعُونَ مَلَكًا فَمَنْ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْعَفْوَ وَالْعَافِيَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ – قَالُوا آمِينَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ الرُّكْنَ الأَسْوَدَ قَالَ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ مَا بَلَغَكَ فِي هَذَا الرُّكْنِ الأَسْوَدِ فَقَالَ عَطَاءٌ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏”‏ مَنْ فَاوَضَهُ فَإِنَّمَا يُفَاوِضُ يَدَ الرَّحْمَنِ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ لَهُ ابْنُ هِشَامٍ يَا أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ فَالطَّوَافُ قَالَ عَطَاءٌ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ النَّبِيَّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏”‏ مَنْ طَافَ بِالْبَيْتِ سَبْعًا وَلاَ يَتَكَلَّمُ إِلاَّ بِسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَقُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ مُحِيَتْ عَنْهُ عَشْرُ سِيِّئَاتٍ وَكُتِبَتْ لَهُ عَشْرُ حَسَنَاتٍ وَرُفِعَ لَهُ بِهَا عَشْرُ دَرَجَاتٍ وَمَنْ طَافَ فَتَكَلَّمَ وَهُوَ فِي تِلْكَ الْحَالِ خَاضَ فِي الرَّحْمَةِ بِرِجْلَيْهِ كَخَائِضِ الْمَاءِ بِرِجْلَيْهِ ‏”‏

Humaid bin Abu Sawiyyah said: I heard Ibn Hisham asking ‘Ata’ bin Abu Rabah about the Yemenite Corner, when he was performing Tawaf around the House. ‘Ata’ said: Abu Hurrairah told me that Rasulullah said: “Seventy angels have been appointed over it. Whoever says:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْعَفْوَ وَالْعَافِيَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَفِي الآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

they said: Ameen.” When he reached the Hajar e Aswad he said: O Abu Muhammad! What have you heard about this Black Corner? ‘Ataa’ said: Abu Hurrairah told me that he heard Rasulullah say: “whoever faces it is facing the Hand of the Most Merciful.’” Ibn Hisham said to him: O Abu Muhammad, what about Tawaf? ‘Ata’ said: Abu Hurairah told me that he heard Rasulullah say: “Whoever performs Tawaf around the House seven times and does not say anything except: سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَقُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ  

ten bad deeds will be erased from him, ten merits will be recorded for him, and he will be raised ten degrees in status. Whoever performs Tawaf and talks when he is in that situation, is wading in mercy like one who wades in water.” Ibn Majah

After completing the Tawaf which comprises of seven circuits, perform Istilam of Hajar e Aswad for the eighth time and perform two Rakâts of Tawaf behind the Maqam e Ibrahim which is Wajib.

﴿وَاتَّخِذُواْ مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَهِيمَ مُصَلًّى﴾

And make the Maqam (place) of Ibrahim as a place of prayer…2:125

This is mentioned in long Hadith recorded by Imam Nasai RA:

فَطَافَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حِينَ قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ وَاسْتَلَمَ الرُّكْنَ أَوَّلَ شَىْءٍ ثُمَّ خَبَّ ثَلاَثَةَ أَطْوَافٍ مِنَ السَّبْعِ وَمَشَى أَرْبَعَةَ أَطْوَافٍ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ حِينَ قَضَى طَوَافَهُ بِالْبَيْتِ فَصَلَّى عِنْدَ الْمَقَامِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ

Abdullah bin Umar said… Rasulullah  performed Tawaf when he came to Makkah and touched the corner (where the Black Stone is) first of all, then he walked rapidly during the first three of the seven circles, and walked during the last four. After he finished the Tawaf of the House he performed two Rakâts at Maqam Ibrahim… Nasai

If it is not possible to perform the two Rakâts of Salah behind Maqam Ibrahim, then you can perform it anywhere in the Haram Al Shareef. Now benefit from the blessed water of Zamzam. Rasulullah  has given the glad tidings:

سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏ “‏ مَاءُ زَمْزَمَ لِمَا شُرِبَ لَهُ ‏”‏ ‏

Jabir Ibn Abdullah narrates: “I heard Rasulullah say: ‘The water of Zamzam is for whatever it is drunk for.’ Ibn Majah

Abdullah Ibn Umar RA used to recite this dua when drinking the water of Zamzam as recorded by Dar e Qutni:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ عِلْمًا نَافِعًا وَرِزْقًا طَيِّبًا وَ شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ‏

When drinking this blessed water Abdullah Ibn Mubarak RA used to say: “I make dua that I will not be thirsty on Youm ul Qiyamah”

Perform Istilam of Hajar e Aswad for the ninth time then proceed to Safa, as can be understood from the narration of Sahih Muslim:

ثُمَّ أَتَى مَقَامَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فَصَلَّى, ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى اَلرُّكْنِ فَاسْتَلَمَهُ.‏ 

Then coming to Maqam Ibrahim where he performed two rakâts. He then returned to the Black Stone (Hajar al Aswad) placed his hands on it and kissed it…Muslim

Dua at Multazam 

The Multazam is almost impossible to get to during Hajj season due to the large crowds that gather. However, it is accessible during other parts of the year. If it is possible to reach the Multazam, raise your hands above your head, cling to the wall and press your chest and cheeks against it. It is a Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ and yet another station where supplications are accepted, so you should lengthen your Dua here. If you CAN NOT reach the Multazam due to the crowds, you may face it and supplicate from a distance.

Zam Zam

After completing Salah and making Dua, drink your fill of Zamzam water which is available around the Tawaf area and from various water fountains and dispensers in Masjid al-Haram.

When drinking the water, it is Mustahabb to should stand and face the Kaaba, say Bismillah, pause to take a breath three times, and say Alhamdulillah after finishing. You can also rub it on your face and body. You may recite the following Dua after drinking the water:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ عِلْمًا نَافِعًا وَ رِزْقًا وَاسِعًا وَ شِفَاءً مِنْ كُلِّ دَاءٍ

Allahumma innī as’aluka ‘ilman nāfi’an, wa rizqan wāsi’an, wa ‘amalan mutaqabbalan, wa shifā’an min kulli dā’.

O Allah, I ask You for knowledge that is beneficial, provision that is abundant and a cure from every illness.

Sa’ee of Safa and Marwah

Now move towards Safa reciting:  ” إِنَّ اَلصَّفَا وَاَلْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اَللَّهِ ” أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اَللَّهُ بِهِ  ” اللهُ أَكْبَرُ ، اللهُ أَكْبَرُ ”    ” لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ

ثُمَّ خَرَجَ مِنَ اَلْبَابِ إِلَى اَلصَّفَا, فَلَمَّا دَنَا مِنَ اَلصَّفَا قَرَأَ: ” إِنَّ اَلصَّفَا وَاَلْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اَللَّهِ ” ” أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اَللَّهُ بِهِ ” فَرَقِيَ اَلصَّفَا, حَتَّى رَأَى اَلْبَيْتَ, فَاسْتَقْبَلَ اَلْقِبْلَةَ 2‏ فَوَحَّدَ اَللَّهَ وَكَبَّرَهُ وَقَالَ: ” لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ, لَهُ اَلْمُلْكُ, وَلَهُ اَلْحَمْدُ, وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ, لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ [ وَحْدَهُ ] 3‏ أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ, وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ, وَهَزَمَ اَلْأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ

Then he went out of the gate to Safa, and as he approached it, he recited: “Verily as-Safa and Marwah are among the signs appointed by Allah,”(2:158), adding, “I begin with what Allah began.” He first mounted as-Safa until he saw the House, and facing the Qiblah he declared the Oneness of Allah and glorified Him and said:

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيك لَهُ, لَهُ اَلْمُلْكُ, وَلَهُ اَلْحَمْدُ, وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ, لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ [ وَحْدَهُ ]  أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ, وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَهَزَمَ اَلْأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ

(There is no God but Allah, He is One, and has no partner. His is the dominion, and His is the praise and He has Power over all things. There is no God but Allah alone, Who fulfilled His promise, helped His servant and defeated the confederates alone.”) He said these words three times making supplications in between. He then descended and walked towards Marwah, and when his feet touched the bottom of the valley, he ran; and when he began to ascend, he walked (at his normal pace) until he reached Marwah. There he did as he had done at Safa….Muslim

After intention of Sa’ee and reciting:
 ” إِنَّ اَلصَّفَا وَاَلْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اَللَّهِ ” أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اَللَّهُ بِهِ  ” اللهُ أَكْبَرُ ، اللهُ أَكْبَرُ ”    ” لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اَللَّهُ
make dua facing the Ka’ba then commence the Sa’ee. Walk between Safa and Marwah seven times; whilst running between the two green pillars (lights). Remember Safa to Marwa is one round, and Marwa to Safa is the second, in this way the seven round of Sa’ee will end at Marwa. Engage in dua and zikrullah during walking in Sa’ee. Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood and Abdullah Ibn Umar RA used to recite this dua:

رب اغفر وارحم إنك أنت الأعز الأكرم

‘O Lord forgive me and have mercy on me, Indeed You are the Most Honourable and the Most Generous.’

After completion of Sa’ee it is preferable to go back into the Masjid and perform two Raka’ats of Nafl Salah. Lubaab Umdat ul Manasik

Shave or Trim the hair

If you were performing Umrah alone or the Hajj e Tamattu, and this was your Umrah for the Hajj you will come out of the Ihram by Shaving the head which is preferable or by trimming the hair on the head. The preference of Shaving the head can be understood by the Hadith below:

أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُحَلِّقِينَ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالُوا وَلِلْمُقَصِّرِينَ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِلْمُحَلِّقِينَ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالُوا وَلِلْمُقَصِّرِينَ‏.‏ قَالَهَا ثَلاَثًا‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ وَلِلْمُقَصِّرِينَ ‏”(‏ باب الْحَلْقِ وَالتَّقْصِيرِ عِنْدَ الإِحْلاَلِ)

Narrated Abu Hurrairah: Rasulullah  said, “O Allah! Forgive those who get their heads shaved.” The people asked. “Also those who get their hair cut short?” Rasulullah said, “O Allah! Forgive those who have their heads shaved.” The people said, “Also those who get their hair cut short?” Rasulullah (invoke Allah for those who have their heads shaved and) at the third time said, “also (forgive) those who get their hair cut short.” Bukhari Chapter: To shave the head and to have the head-hair cut short on finishing the Ihram

Women pilgrims will not shave their heads to come out of Ihram rather they will cut a bit of their hair:

وَعَنِ اِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اَللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا, عَنِ اَلنَّبِيِّ ‏- صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-قَالَ: { لَيْسَ عَلَى اَلنِّسَاءِ حَلْقٌ, وَإِنَّمَا يُقَصِّرْنَ } رَوَاهُ أَبُو دَاوُدَ بِإِسْنَادٍ حَسَنٍ .‏

Ibn Abbas (RA) narrated that Rasulullah  said: “Women (pilgrims) do not have to shave (their heads); they may only shorten their hair.” Abu Dawood

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